Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Vol: 30, Issue: 2, September, 2006 Bibliographic Page
Title: Quantitative analysis of 17O exchange and ... relaxation data: Application to zirconium tungstate
Authors: Hodgkinson, Paula; Hampson, Matthew R.a
Affiliations: a. Department of Chemistry, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
Keywords: Solid-state; NMR; Exchange; Relaxation; O-17; Quadrupole
The theoretical basis behind a recent quantitative analysis of 17O exchange in ZrW2O8 [M.R. Hampson, J.S.O. Evans, P. Hodgkinson, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127 (2005) 15175–15181] is set out. Despite the complexities of combining the multi-exponential relaxation of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei with chemical exchange, it is shown how magnetisation transfer experiments can be analysed to obtain estimates of absolute exchange rates. The multi-exponential relaxation is best modelled using a magnetic mechanism, i.e. the rapid Formula Not Shown relaxation observed, particularly at high temperatures, can be directly related to the relatively high degree of 17O labelling employed. The combination of the 1D EXSY results with Formula Not Shown values as a function of temperature provides exchange rates and activation barriers over a wide temperature range (40–226°C).