Sunday, August 20, 2006

Ion and polymer dynamics in polymer electrolytes PPO-LiClO4. I. Insights from NMR line-shape analysis

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 7 August 2006J. Chem. Phys. 125, 054905

M. Vogel, and T. Torbrügge

We investigate ion and polymer dynamics in polymer electrolytes PPO-LiClO4 performing 2H and 7Li NMR line-shape analysis. Comparison of temperature dependent 7Li and 2H NMR spectra gives evidence for a coupling of ion and polymer dynamics. 2H NMR spectra for various salt concentrations reveal a strong slowdown of the polymer segmental motion when the salt content is increased. The 2H NMR line shape further indicates that the segmental motion is governed by dynamical heterogeneities. While the width of the distribution of correlation times G(log ) is moderate for low and high salt content, an extremely broad distribution exists for an intermediate salt concentration of 15:1 PPO-LiClO4. For the latter composition, a weighted superposition of two spectral components, reflecting the fast and the slow polymer segments of the distribution, describes the 2H NMR line shape over a broad temperature range. Analysis of the temperature dependent relative intensity of both spectral components indicates the existence of a continuous rather than a discontinuous distribution G(log ). Such continuous distribution is consistent with gradual fluctuations of the local salt concentration and, hence, of the local environments of the polymer segments, whereas it is at variance with the existence of large salt-depleted and salt-rich domains featuring fast and slow polymer dynamics, respectively. Finally, for all studied PPO-LiClO4 mixtures, the 2H NMR line shape strongly depends on the echo delay in the applied echo-pulse sequence, indicating that the structural relaxation of the polymer segments involves successive rotational jumps about small angles <20°.

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