Through-space MP-CPMAS experiments between spin-1/2 and half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in solid-state NMR
B. Hu, J.P. Amoureux, J. Trébosc and S. Hafner
We present a new CPMAS method that allows the acquisition of through-space 2D HETCOR spectra between spin-1/2 nuclei and half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in the solid state. It uses rotor-synchronized selective pulses on the quadrupolar nucleus and continuous-wave RF irradiation on the spin-1/2 nucleus to create hetero-nuclear dipolar coherences. The method is more robust, more efficient, and easier to set up than the standard CPMAS transfer.
Spin state selective coherence transfer: A method for discrimination and complete analyses of the overlapped and unresolved 1H NMR spectra of enantiomers
Bikash Baishya, Uday Ramesh Prabhu and N. Suryaprakash
In general, the proton NMR spectra of chiral molecules aligned in the chiral liquid crystalline media are broad and featureless. The analyses of such intricate NMR spectra and their routine use for spectral discrimination of R and S optical enantiomers are hindered. A method is developed in the present study which involves spin state selective two dimensional correlation of higher quantum coherence to its single quantum coherence of a chemically isolated group of coupled protons. This enables the spin state selective detection of proton single quantum transitions based on the spin states of the passive nuclei. The technique provides the relative signs and magnitudes of the couplings by overcoming the problems of enantiomer discrimination, spectral complexity and poor resolution, permitting the complete analyses of the otherwise broad and featureless spectra. A non-selective 180° pulse in the middle of MQ dimension retains all the remote passive couplings. This accompanied by spin selective MQ–SQ conversion leads to spin state selective coherence transfer. The removal of field inhomogeneity contributes to dramatically enhanced resolution. The difference in the cumulative additive values of chemical shift anisotropies and the passive couplings, between the enantiomers, achieved by detecting Nth quantum coherence of N magnetically equivalent spins provides enhanced separation of enantiomer peaks. The developed methodology has been demonstrated on four different chiral molecules with varied number of interacting spins, each having a chiral centre.
Comparison of several hetero-nuclear dipolar recoupling NMR methods to be used in MAS HMQC/HSQC
B. Hu, J. Trébosc and J.P. Amoureux
We compare several hetero-nuclear dipolar recoupling sequences available for HMQC or HSQC experiments applied to spin-1/2 and quadrupolar nuclei. These sequences, which are applied to a single channel, are based either on the rotary resonance recoupling (R3) irradiation, or on two continuous rotor-synchronized modulations (SFAM1 and SFAM2), or on four symmetry-based sequences , or on the REDOR scheme. We analyze systems exhibiting purely hetero-nuclear dipolar interactions as well as systems where homo-nuclear dipolar interactions need to be canceled. A special attention is given to the behavior of these sequences at very fast MAS. It is shown that R3 methods behave poorly due to the narrowness of their rf-matching curves, and that the best methods are and SFAM (SFAM1 or SFAM2 if homo-nuclear interactions are not negligible). REDOR can also recouple efficiently hetero-nuclear dipolar interactions, provided the sequence is sent on the non-observed channel and homo-nuclear dipolar interactions are negligible. We anticipate that at ultra-fast spinning speed, SFAM1 and SFAM2 will be the most efficient methods.
A simple, small and low cost permanent magnet design to produce homogeneous magnetic fields
B. Manz, M. Benecke and F. Volke
A new portable, pocket-size NMR probe based on a novel permanent magnet arrangement is presented. It is based on a Halbach-type magnet design which mimics the field of a spherical dipole by using cylindrical bar and ring magnets. The magnet system is made up of only three individual magnets, and most field calculations and optimisations can be performed analytically. A prototype system has been built using a set of small, off the shelf commercially available permanent magnets. Proton linewidths of 50 ppm FWHM could be achieved at a field strength of 1 T. Calculations show that with custom-sized permanent magnets, linewidths of less than 1 ppm can be achieved over sample volumes of up to 1 mm3, which would in theory enable chemical shift resolved proton spectroscopy on mass-limited samples. But even with the achieved linewidth of 50 ppm, this can be a useful portable sensor for small amounts of liquid samples with restricted molecular mobility, like gels, polymers or high viscosity liquids.
High-performance solvent suppression for proton detected solid-state NMR
Donghua H. Zhou and Chad M. Rienstra
High-sensitivity proton detected experiments in solid-state NMR have been recently demonstrated in proton diluted proteins as well as fully protonated samples under fast magic-angle spinning. One key element for performing successful proton detection is effective solvent suppression achieved by pulsed field gradients (PFG) and/or saturation pulses. Here we report a high-performance solvent suppression method that attenuates multiple solvent signals simultaneously by more than a factor of 10,000, achieved by an optimized combination of homospoil gradients and supercycled saturation pulses. This method, which we call Multiple Intense Solvent Suppression Intended for Sensitive Spectroscopic Investigation of Protonated Proteins, Instantly (MISSISSIPPI), can be applied without a PFG probe. It opens up new opportunities for two-dimensional heteronuclear correlation spectroscopy of hydrated proteins at natural abundance as well as high-sensitivity and multi-dimensional experimental investigation of protein–solvent interactions.