Native Conformation at Specific Residues in Recombinant Inclusion Body Protein in Whole Cells Determined with Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy
Jaime Curtis-Fisk, Ryan M. Spencer, and David P. Weliky*
Inclusion bodies are insoluble aggregates that are formed by bacteria to store excess recombinant protein produced during expression. The structure of the protein in inclusion bodies is poorly understood but it has been hypothesized that the protein may form misfolded β sheet aggregates. This paper presents an isotopic labeling and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance approach to determine the secondary structure of individual residues within a recombinant influenza virus “FHA2” protein in inclusion bodies. The inclusion bodies were studied either in the context of the unlysed hydrated E. coli cells or in the hydrated pellet formed from centrifugation of the material insoluble in the cell lysate. The native structure of FHA2 is predominantly helical and native helical structure was also observed for several specific residues in the inclusion body FHA2. This approach will be applicable to structural analysis of many inclusion body proteins and should provide useful information for optimizing solubilization and purification protocols of these proteins.