Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2006, 8, 2635 - 2641, DOI: 10.1039/b601539e
Magnetic alignment of aqueous CTAB in nematic and hexagonal liquid crystalline phases investigated by spin-1 NMR
Jacalyn S. Clawson, Gregory P. Holland and Todd M. Alam
Spin-1 NMR has been used to characterize the magnetically aligned nematic and hexagonal liquid crystalline phases of aqueous cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). A nematic/hexagonal biphasic region has been identified for the first time in this system. The nematic phase is characterized by an order parameter of smaller magnitude and greater temperature dependence. Magnetic alignment kinetic rates of the two phases differ greatly, with the nematic phase showing magnetic alignment much faster than the hexagonal phase. Equilibration has been monitored over time by measuring the change in quadrupole splitting as a function of temperature. As the sample equilibrates the temperature dependence of the splitting decreases logarithmically. This work also demonstrates how the phase and order of the liquid crystal can be manipulated during the early part of equilibration.