Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2006, 8, 2378 - 2384
Jiqing Wang, Yongchao Su, Jun Xu, Chaohui Ye and Feng Deng
Solid-state NMR spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations were employed to study the structure and properties, especially the solid acidity, of molybdenum oxide supported on tin oxide. As demonstrated by solid-state NMR experiments, Mo species are mainly dispersed on the surface of SnO2 support rather than significantly dissolved into the SnO2 structure and Brønsted as well as Lewis acid sites are present on the MoO3/SnO2 catalyst. Acid strength of the supported metal oxide is stronger than those of zeolites, e.g., HY and HZSM-5, though the concentration of acid sites is relatively lower. The DFT calculated 13C chemical shift for acetone adsorbed on MoO3/SnO2 is in good agreement with the experimental value, which confirms our proposed structure of –Mo–(OH)–Sn– for the Brønsted acid site. Reducibility of the supported metal oxide is also demonstrated by solid-state NMR experiments and an active oxidation center of this catalyst is proposed as well.